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After creating and launching a VirtualMachine on a Vista host, I captured the following screenshots to document the process of installing Ubuntu 8.10.
Post install, I updated the Network Interface config and enabled the Firewall.
Ubuntu Install Screenshots
DHCP was enabled during install, so after logging on, I edited the network interface config to set a static IP address.
sudo vi /etc/network/interfaces
Remove the DHCP line:
#iface eth0 inet dhcp
replacing it with:
iface eth0 inet static address 192.168.0.100 netmask 255.255.255.0 network 192.168.0.0 broadcast 192.168.0.255 gateway 192.168.0.1
restart the networking service to apply the changes
sudo /etc/init.d/networking restart
If you need to edit your DNS, you can do so via:
sudo vi /etc/resolv.conf
I enabled the firewall software (UFW) that came with Ubuntu, opening it up to allow OpenSSH, Apache and Samba
sudo ufw allow OpenSSH sudo ufw allow "Apache Full" sudo ufw allow Samba sudo ufw enable
To verify the firewall is working properly,
sudo ufw status verbose
which should produce the following results:
Status: loaded Logging: on Default: deny New profiles: skip To Action From -- ------ ---- 22/tcp (OpenSSH) ALLOW Anywhere 80,443/tcp (Apache Full) ALLOW Anywhere 137,138/udp (Samba) ALLOW Anywhere 139,445/tcp (Samba) ALLOW Anywhere
Given that the console is constantly grabbing control of my mouse and frustratingly small, I logged out, logging back in via SSH to do the remainder of the configuration.
If you haven’t already done so, now would probably be a great time to make a backup/copy of your VM.